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Ref. Code Resource description
008-250

Hoodaaya 1907 - The Canon Book in Malayalam

ഹൂദായ കാനോൻ പുസ്തകം

1907 ലെ ഹൂദായ കാനോൻ പ്രസിദ്ധികരണം

Courtesy : Br. Joseph Thekkedath Puthenkudy

Keywords - Hudaya 1907 - The Canon Book, Hudaya 1907 , Hudaaya 1907 - The Canon Book


008-249

Karshon writing by Koonamakkal Thoma Kathanar

Courtesy : Jose George

008-248

MALAYALAM CHRISTIAN TUNE BOOK 1891

By

BASAL MISSION, MANGALORE

ഇംഗ്ലീഷ് വർഷം 1891 മംഗലാപുരത്തു നിന്നും ബാസല് മിഷൻ പ്രസിദ്ധീകരിച്ച മലയാളത്തിൽ ഉള്ള പഴയ പാട്ടുകളുടെ പുസ്തകം 230 ഓളം ഗാനങ്ങൾ അടങ്ങിയത് ആണ് ഈ പുസ്തകം .ഇതിലെ പല പാട്ടുകളും ആംഗ്ലിക്കൻ പാട്ടുകളുടെ രീതിയിൽ ആണ് ചിട്ട പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

A printed collection of 230 old malayalam christian songs published by Basal Mission, Mangalore in 1891. The songs were composed in Anglican music tunes.

  • Published By - BASAL MISSION BOOK AND TRACT DEPOSITORY, MANGALORE
  • Printed At - BASAL MISSION PRESS, MANGALORE
  • Year - 1891

Courtesy : Br. Joseph Thekkedath Puthenkudy

008-247

Mar Walah - Instrumental Cover Music by S. Sebastian Ottaplackal

Melody - Dr. Joseph J. Palackal CMI

Mar Walah - Encyclopedia of Syriac Chants

1. Music score ( Violin Music Cover)

(MP3- Violin Music Cover Track)

2. Pdf Booklet (Music Notations for the Cover Music Score)

(Conductor's Score)

(Voice / Chords )

(Ist Violin / Voice)

(IInd Violin / Voice)

(Cello / Voice)

008-246

Kathanar
കത്തനാർ

008-245

Nidhirikkal Mar Manikathanar
നിധീരിക്കൽ മാർ മാണികത്തനാർ

 

 

Courtesy : Amal Joseph

008-244

Nasranikal Aykhyam Vendedukkanam
നസ്രാണികൾ ഐക്യം വീണ്ടെടുക്കണം

Nasranis must Reunite

By

Konnamakkal Malpan

 

Courtesy : Amal Joseph

008-243

COUNTDOWN TO 1999

400 Years of Agony and Action since 1599

By

Thomas Vellilamthadam

 

Courtesy : Amal Joseph

008-242

AFRICAN PAYAL

Towards a Mental Breakthrough in the Latin Connection of Indian Catholicism

By

Thomas Vellilamthadam

 

Courtesy : Amal Joseph

008-241

A TROJAN HORSE

(The Unchristian Role of the Latin Church)

By

Thomas Vellilamthadam

 

Courtesy : Amal Joseph

008-240

VIVAHA VELAYILE KASA
വിവാഹ വേളയിലെ കാസ

(Chalice in Wedding Ceremony)

 

Courtesy : Amal Joseph

008-239

KIREEDAM VAZHVINTE KRAMAM
കിരീടം വാഴ്വിന്റെ ക്രമം

(Guidelines for Crowing Ceremony)

Courtesy : Jose George

008-238

YAH in India

Yah icon on the main altar of St. Peter's and St. Paul's Church, Elanji (Diocese of Pala)

008-237


(Pdf Download)

Eniyum Padikenda Varthamanapusthakam
ഇനിയും പഠിക്കേണ്ട വർത്തമാനപ്പുസ്‌തകം

(Biography about Mar Joseph Cariatti and references to the travelogue - Varthamanpusthakam)

Keywords : Mar Joseph Cariatti ,Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar,Varthamanpusthakam, Travelogue Lisbon and Rome,Syriac Scholar, Alangad Church

008-236

VARTHAMANAPPUSTHAKAM
വർത്തമാനപ്പുസ്‌തകം


ഒന്നും രണ്ടും ഭാഗങ്ങളും ഭൂലോകശാസ്ത്രവും

By

Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar

(A travelogue of Dr. Joseph Cariatti and Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar to Lisbon and Rome 1778-1786)

Handwritten Publication By Dr. Joseph Cariatti

  • Publisher- Oriental Institute of Religious Studies India Publications
  • Printed at - Pellissery Printers, Kottayam
  • © Copyright 1977- Reserved By Janatha Services, Thevara, Cochin - 682 013
  • Published in - 1977
  • Reprinted in -1989
  • Copies - 3000 nos
  • Cover Design - Jose Maniparampil
008-235

Mar Joseph Cariatti

  • Letter of Mar Joseph Cariatti
  • Tomb of Mar Joseph Cariatti in the Mathbaha of Alangad Church

Keywords : Mar Joseph Cariatti ,Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar,Varthamanpusthakam, Travelogue Lisbon and Rome,Syriac Scholar, Alangad Church

008-234

Vedatharkam in Karshon lipi written by Mar Cariatti

008-233

Doctoral certification of Mar Joseph Cariattil of Alangad

Doctrate in Theology, Philosophy, Canon Law

Keywords - Mar Joseph Cariattil, Alangad Church
008-232

Letter of Mar Dionysius I (1759-1809) to Pope Pius VI

(Preserved Archive Copy)

Letter of Mar Dionysius I (1759-1809) to Pope Pius VI, Ernakulam MAP Syr 7, f. 516v-517r.

On the left : The Syriac text
On the right : The Malayalam Garshuni text.

A detail from the Syriac version of the letter of Mar Dionysius I (Mar Thoma VI) to Pope Pius VI (1778 AD)
• “After the fact that they behaved despitefully and jeopardised this plan, I asked the illustrious Joseph Kariatty, from Alangad, ”... Read More

008-231

The Book of the Bee

The Syriac Text

Edited from the Manuscripts in London, Oxford, and Munich

With an English Translation
By Ernest A. Wallis Budge, M.A.
Late Scholar of Christ's College, Cambridge, and
Tyrwhitt Scholar assistant in the Department of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities, British Museum, Oxford

Printed at Clarendon Press, 1886
008-230

ORDO CELEBRATIONIS "QUDDAŠA" IUXTA USUM ECCLESIAE SYRO-MALABARENSIS

പൗരസ്ത്യസഭയ്ക്കുവേണ്ടിയുള്ള തിരുസ്സംഘം കൂദാശയുടെ ആഘോഷക്രമം


സീറോമലബാർസഭയുടെ ഉപയോഗത്തിന്
  • Imprimatur - EUGENIUS CARD TISSERANT (Secretary, Congregration for the Oriental Church)
  • Printed in - ROME June 1959
  • Translation in (Malayalam) - Fr. Jacob Kattoor
  • Typesetting - HomoTech Changanassery
  • Publisher - HIRS Publication, Mar Thoma Vidyanikethan, Changanassery 14-2-1998
008-229

KARALSMAN : THE DANCING CHARLEMAGNE IN KERALA, INDIA

Research Paper by

Dr. Joseph J. Palackal CMI

A research paper presented at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York 1997. The Charlemagne legend existed in Kerala during the 16th century in two forms, namely in poetry in Malayalam-tamil (hybrid language of tamil and malayalam) and prose in tamil. The legend later became the story narrated during the performance of Chavittunatakam (ചവിട്ടുനാടകം) , a Christian theatrical performing art popular in central Kerala.

Keywords : Charlemagne, Karalsman, Chavittunatakam.
008-229A

KARALSMAN : THE DANCING CHARLEMAGNE IN KERALA, INDIA in Malayalam

കാറൾമാൻ എമ്പ്രദോരുടെ ചരിത്രം


പ്രകാശകൻ
K. നാരായണൻ

Malayalam Version

  • Title - കാറൾമാൻ എമ്പ്രദോരുടെ ചരിത്രം (Karalman Embrathoyude Charithram)
  • Publisher - K Narayanan, Vidyarambham Press & Bookdepot, Mullakkal, Alapuzha
  • Copies- 1000 Nos
  • Published in - 1952
  • Copyright - Vidyarambham Press & Bookdepot, Mullakkal, Alapuzha
Keywords : Charlemagne, Karalsman, Chavittunatakam, Karalman Embrathoyude Charithram, Vidyarambham Press
008-228

 


(Pdf Download)

COMMON STATEMENT ON ‘SACRAMENTAL LIFE‘

By

JOINT COMMITTEE FOR THEOLOGICAL DIALOGUE BETWEEN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH AND ASSYRIAN CHURCH OF THE EAST
008-227

 


(Pdf Download)

ATHANATIUS

by

Khalid-Anatolius
(Associate Professor of Historical Theology, Weston Jesuit School of Theology, Cambridge, MA)

From the Volume

THE EARLY CHURCH FATHERS
(Edited by Carol Harisson, University of Durham)

Athanatius was an enigmatic and fiery Egyptian Bishop of fourth-century church. Much of his work focused on the question of the the identity of Jesus Christ, the nature of his relationship to God. The book presents the rationale for Athanasius's fundamental theological positions: the divinity and humanity of Christ, human redemption, the divinity and work of the Holy Spirit, the logic of Christian worship, and the scriptual basis for the doctrinal formulations of the Council of Nicaea.

THE EARLY CHURCH FATHERS

  • Edited by - Carol Harisson, University of Durham
  • First Publication - 2005
  • Published in - Taylor & Fransis e-Library 2005
  • Catalogued in - British Library and Library of Congress
  • ISBN 0-203-01263-1 | ISBN-0-415-23389-5 | ISBN-0-415-23390-9

Book Courtesy - Br. Joseph Thekkedath Puthekudy

008-226

 


(Pdf Download)

The Fathers Speak

ST. BASIL THE GREAT
ST. GREGORY NAZIANZUS
ST. GREGORY OF NYSSA

(Selected letters and life-records translated from Greek)

Translated and Edited by

Georges Barrious

  • Publisher - ST. VLADIMIR'S SEMINARY PRESS, CRESTWOOD, NEWYORK
  • Copyright - © Copyright 1986 by ST. VLADIMIR'S SEMINARY PRESS (ALL RIGHT RESERVED)
  • Year - 1986
  • ISBN - 0-88141-037-3
  • Printed in USA - ATHENS PRINTING COMPANY NEWYORK, NY 10018
008-225

 


(Pdf Download)

Basil the Great Faith Mission and Diplomacy

By

Nicu Dumitrascu
(Professor of Patristics, University of Oradea, Romania)

Regarded as one of the three hierarchs or pillers of orthodoxy along with Gregory the Nazianzus and John Chrysostam, Basil is the key figure in the formative process of Christianity in the fourth century.While his role in establising Trinitarian terminology, as well as his function in shaping monasticism, his social thought and even his contribution to the evolution of liturgical forms have been the focus of research for many years, there are few studies which center on his political thought. Basil played a major role between church and state in late antiquity across the regions of Cappadosia and Armenia. Basil was also a great religious leader and a gifted diplomat.

  • First Publication - 2018
  • Published By - Routledge (Taylor & Fransis)
  • Catalogued in - British Library and Library of Congress
  • ISBN 978-1-4724-8586-1 (hbk) | ISBN-978-1-315-56877-5 (ebk)
  • © Copyright - Nicu Dumitrascu
Courtesy - Br. Joseph Thekkedath Puthenkudy
008-224

 


(Pdf Download)

Vocalization System of East Syriac

Author

Ashur Cherry
(York University)
  • Publisher - Toronto, Ontario
  • ©Copyright -2003
Courtesy - Br. Joseph Thekkedath Puthenkudy
008-223

Nazrani Padana Parambara - Lakumara

കോവിഡ് കാലത്ത് SMYM Kanjirappally ലാകുമാറാ ഗീതവുമായി

May 2, 2020

Online Group Singing Video - An initiative of SMYM Kattappana Forane
Nazrani Padana Parampara

008-222

Nazrani Padana Parampara - Pagre D'Mshiha

കോവിഡ് കാലത്ത് കേരളത്തിലെ SMYM ഗീതവുമായി

May 5, 2020

Leader - Ann Mary Pulickal, Mundakayam

Online Group Singing Video - An initiative of SMYM Kattappana Forane
Nazrani Padana Parampara

008-221

Nazrani Padana Parampara - Khandeesha Alaha

ലോകത്തിന്റെ വിവിധ ഭാഗങ്ങളിലെ സുറിയാനി മക്കൾ ഒരുമിക്കുന്നു | സുറിയാനി ഗീതത്തിലൂടെ

May 12, 2020

Leader - Ann Mary Pulickal, Mundakayam

Online Group Singing Video - An initiative of SMYM Kattappana Forane
Nazrani Padana Parampara

008-220

Nazrani Padana Parampara - B'Eda D'Yauman

മർത്ത് മറിയത്തിന്റെ തിരുന്നാളുകൾക്ക് ആലപിക്കാനൊരു വന്ദനഗീതം | lyrics സഹിതം | പഠിക്കാം പഠിപ്പിക്കാം
Suriyani Geetham Marth Mariyam Vandanam B'Eda D'Yauman'

Online Group Singing Video - An initiative of SMYM Kattappana Forane
Nazrani Padana Parampara

008-219

Nazrani Padana Parampara - Enna Na Lahma
ഞാൻ സ്വർഗത്തിൽ നിന്നിറങ്ങിയ ജീവനുള്ള അപ്പമാകുന്നു

സുറിയാനി ഗീതങ്ങൾ Lyrics | 4 വയസു മുതൽ 73 വയസുവരെയുള്ള 112 പേര് കോവിഡ് കാലത്ത് വിവിധ രാജ്യങ്ങളിൽ നിന്ന

Online Group Singing Video - An Initiative of SMYM KATTAPPANA Forane

Nazrani Padana Parampara (Nazrani Learning Series).

008-218

Laku Mara

Online Group Singing Video - Coordinated by SMYM KATTAPPANA Forane

സുറിയാനി ഗീതങ്ങൾ lyrics | 4 വയസു മുതൽ 73 വയസുവരെയുള്ള 112 പേര് കോവിഡ് കാലത്ത് വിവിധ രാജ്യങ്ങളിൽ നിന്ന

Courtesy: Fr. Sebastian Muthuplackal and Nazrani Padana Parampara (Nazrani Learning Series).

008-217

 


(Pdf Download)

The Fathers of the Church

An Introduction to the First Christian Teachers

By

MIKE AQUILINA

The Father of the Church are a select group of early Christian teachers,around a hundred in number, depending on the list you consult. The Catholic Church has long revered them and given them a priviledged place of doctorinal authority.

  • Publisher - Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Divison, Huntington, IN
  • ISBN-13:978-159276-245-3 | ISBN-10:1-59276-245-X

Book Courtesy - Br. Joseph Thekkedath Puthekudy

008-216

 


(Pdf Download)

GREGORY THE GREAT

By

John Moorhead
(Professor of History, University of Queensland, Australia)

From the Volume

THE EARLY CHURCH FATHERS
(Edited by Carol Harisson, University of Durham)

An introduction to Gregory the Great, Pope Gregory I (590-604), generally regarded as one of the outstanding figures in the long history of Popes. Pope Gregory is regarded as one of the four great fathers of the Western Church, alongside Ambrose,Jerome, and Augustine.

THE EARLY CHURCH FATHERS

  • Edited by - Carol Harisson, University of Durham
  • First Publication - 2005
  • Published in - Taylor & Fransis e-Library 2005
  • Catalogued in - British Library and Library of Congress
  • ISBN 0-203-01263-1 | ISBN-0-415-23389-5 | ISBN-0-415-23390-9

Book Courtesy - Br. Joseph Thekkedath Puthekudy

008-215

 


(Pdf Download)

THE APOSTOLIC FATHERS

by

Simon Tugwell O. P.
(Member of Dominican Institute,Rome)

  • Publishers - Continuum, London | NewYork
  • Year of Publication - 1989
  • Re issued in 2001
  • Typeset by - YHT Ltd., London
  • ISBN - 0-8264-5771-1

Book Courtesy - Br. Joseph Thekkedath Puthekudy

008-214

 


(Pdf Download)

The Syriac Fathers on Prayer and the Spiritual Life

by

Dr. Sebastian Brock

( University Lecturer in Aramaic and Syriac, Fellow of Wolfson College, Oxford)

This book introduces the little known traditions of Eastern Christianity to a wider audience. The author has translated excerpts from original Syriac books which are not published even today. The book has an exhaustive Bibliography and other supplementry informations for further guidance and research purpose.The world of Christiandom is historically divided into Latin west and Greek East. This book introduces the third stream of ancient Christainity , the Syriac Christianity.

"The Syriac fathers offer the modern heirs of both latin and greek christiandom new, yet ancient and enduring, insights on prayer and the spiritual life." - CISTERCIAN PUBLICATIONS INC.

  • Publishers - CISTERCIAN PUBLICATIONS INC. , Kalamazoo, Michigan
  • Year of Publication - 1987
  • ISBN - (hc) 0-87907-601-1 | (pc) 0-87907-901-0

Book Courtesy - Br. Joseph Thekkedath Puthekudy

008-213

Booklet for the

Priestly Ordination Ceremony

of

Fr. Melvin Paul Mangalath


(Pdf Download)

Booklet for the Priestly Ordination Ceremony of Fr. Melvin Paul Mangalath

St. Thomas Syro Malabar Catholic Diocese of Chicago. Saturday, 16 May 2020.

008-212


(Pdf Download)

Mar Ivanios and Bethany Movement

By

Sister Gifty, SIC

Article published in
Journal of St. Thomas Christians

God, who revealed himself to human beings through various means, sent his own Son in the fullness of time and now He continues His mission through various chosen people. (Heb 1:1) He blesses mankind through them. God, when He called Abraham, said that he would be a blessing. The call of everyone, chosen by God, is to be a blessing. Archbishop Mar Ivanios was such a man chosen by God. His contribution to the ecclesial communion and reunion has paved the way for a new horizon in the Church. Mar Ivanios was instrumental in the renaissance of the Malankara Church. ........... More

008-211


(Pdf Download)

Bishop Mar Chandy Parambil -1687

By

Bp. Gregory Karotemprel CMI

Article published in
Journal of St. Thomas Christians

Mar Chandy Parambil of Kuravilangad is the first native of Malabar to become bishop of the St. Thomas Christians. We do not have much information about his early life. Mar Chandy belonged to the Parambil family at Kuravilangad. One Kuriakose Parambil married into Kudukkassery family. The son born to the couple later became the bishop Chandy. He was born in Muttuchira. As a priest, he was the Vicar of Kuravilangad parish. Mar Chandy died in 1687 and was buried at Kuravilangad. It is believed St. Thomas ordained bishops and priests for the communities he established in India. But we do not have any historical record regarding the immediate successor of St. Thomas who ruled us. From 4th century bishops from Persian Church came and ruled us. ....... More

008-210


(Pdf Download)

The Syriac Heritage of the Syro-Malabar Church

An Essential Component of the Cultural Fabric of India

By

Dr. Joseph J. Palackal

Article published in
Journal of St. Thomas Christians

The Syriac heritage of the Syro Malabar Church is an integral part of the cultural treasures of India and the world. The Syro Malabar Church (about 4 million members) is the largest among the eight churches of the St. Thomas Christians, who were evangelized by the missionary endeavors of the Aramaic-speaking Apostle Thomas. From early on, the Aramaic (Syriac) language and music played a significant role in the experience of the Christian faith in India. In spite of the challenges from Portuguese missionaries in the sixteenth century, the Syro Malabar Christians zealously cherished and preserved the Syriac tradition. In the following centuries, they also adopted many liturgical practices from the Roman rite by translating the respective Latin texts into Syriac, and composing them anew in Kerala, thereby adding another layer to the already vast Syriac chant repertory. .................. More

008-209

 


(Pdf Download)

Journal of St. Thomas Christians

Contents

  1. The Syriac Heritage of the Syro-Malabar Church An Essential Component of the Cultural Fabric of India -Joseph J. Palackal
  2. East Syrian Marriage as Celebration of Shawtaputha or Communion - Pauly Maniyattu
  3. Bishop Mar Chandy Parambil -1687 - Bp. Gregory Karotemprel CMI
  4. Mar Ivanios and Bethany Movement - Sr. Gifty, SIC
  5. Youth Ministry Within Indian Pluralism Towards a Youth Pastoral Plan for Peace and Harmony - Soroj Mullick SDB

Editorial

The modern fickle world is constantly moving towards 'inventions of attraction'. Experts of all walks of life are experimenting to inven things and ideas that please the modern world. One can find drastic changes in science and technology, politics, education, business and management, etc., within a few decades. These changes have obviously helped the human family in various ways, especially to have a better living; however, 'the inventions of attraction' have also caused damages to societies, cultures and world at large. ............... More

1. The Syriac Heritage of the Syro-Malabar Church: An Essential Component of the Cultural Fabric of India

The Syriac heritage of the Syro Malabar Church is an integral part of the cultural treasures of India and the world. The Syro Malabar Church (about 4 million members) is the largest among the eight churches of the St. Thomas Christians, who were evangelized by the missionary endeavors of the Aramaic-speaking Apostle Thomas. From early on, the Aramaic (Syriac) language and music played a significant role in the experience of the Christian faith in India. In spite of the challenges from Portuguese missionaries in the sixteenth century, the Syro Malabar Christians zealously cherished and preserved the Syriac tradition. In the following centuries, they also adopted many liturgical practices from the Roman rite by translating the respective Latin texts into Syriac, and composing them anew in Kerala, thereby adding another layer to the already vast Syriac chant repertory. .................. More

- Joseph J. Palackal

2. East Syrian Marriage as Celebration of Shawtaputha or Communion

The celebration of marriage is of great theological significance in the East Syrian tradition. The East Syrian tradition largely makes use of the nuptial imagery in its liturgy and theology.1 There is a liturgical season, namely the season of the Dedication of the Church, which celebrates the eschatological union of Christ the bridegroom and His bride, the Church. The prayers proper to this season employ in detail many of the concepts related to the marriage. The aspect of communion is the ground on which Christ's union with the Church is compared with the marriage, and marriage is compared with the union of Christ and the Church. This paper is an attempt to examine the East Syrian Marriage as the celebration of communion. We may base our study on the different modes of celebration in Mesopotamia (in the Chaldean and Assyrian Church) and in India. ............. More

- Pauly Maniyattu

3. Bishop Mar Chandy Parambil -1687

Mar Chandy Parambil of Kuravilangad is the first native of Malabar to become bishop of the St. Thomas Christians. We do not have much information about his early life. Mar Chandy belonged to the Parambil family at Kuravilangad. One Kuriakose Parambil married into Kudukkassery family. The son born to the couple later became the bishop Chandy. He was born in Muttuchira. As a priest, he was the Vicar of Kuravilangad parish. Mar Chandy died in 1687 and was buried at Kuravilangad. It is believed St. Thomas ordained bishops and priests for the communities he established in India. But we do not have any historical record regarding the immediate successor of St. Thomas who ruled us. From 4th century bishops from Persian Church came and ruled us. ....... More

- Bp. Gregory Karotemprel CMI

4. Mar Ivanios and Bethany Movement

God, who revealed himself to human beings through various means, sent his own Son in the fullness of time and now He continues His mission through various chosen people. (Heb 1:1) He blesses mankind through them. God, when He called Abraham, said that he would be a blessing. The call of everyone, chosen by God, is to be a blessing. Archbishop Mar Ivanios was such a man chosen by God. His contribution to the ecclesial communion and reunion has paved the way for a new horizon in the Church. Mar Ivanios was instrumental in the renaissance of the Malankara Church. ........... More

- Sr. Gifty, SIC

5. Youth Ministry Within Indian Pluralism Towards a Youth Pastoral Plan for Peace and Harmony

An ideal Youth Ministry (YM) with a concrete Youth Pastoral Plan (YPP), following the proposals of the Synod on youth, 2018, noting the Indian situation, could be a legitimate contribution for the growth of all the Youth Pastoral activities in India. A dialogue of human experiences of God in context, is the intimate heart of the mission of the Church in the light of the Gospel. The foundation of YM, therefore, is based on the intercultural and interreligious dialogue (of life and faith) for universal unity through peace and harmonious living. ............... More

- Soroj Mullick SDB

  • Printed at - Deepti Printers, Bishop's House Campus, Kalawad Road,Rajkot- 360 005
008-208


(Pdf Download)

Syriac Language Studies

at

Sacred Heart College, Thevara

Copy of the Order (No. 2608/AC/ B 7/2020/MGU Dt. 16-06-2020 ) from Mahathma Gandhi University, Kottayam permitting to include "Syriac language learning" in the syllabus for an Open course starting at SH College, Thevara.

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(Video Ref. Code : CMSI-237)

Mārggam Kaḷi

മാർഗ്ഗം കളി

(Excerpts from Ongoing research)
Copyright © 2020 Joseph J. Palackal

(Mārggam Kaḷi - Perfomance at Chavara Cultural Center, Kochi on 17 July 2019)
(Video Ref. Code : CMSI-237)

Mārggam Kaḷi (Malayalam, “Dance of the Way”), is a non-liturgical performing art of the St. Thomas Christians in Kerala, India. The song text celebrates the life, mission, and martyrdom of St. Thomas the Apostle in India. The proto-Dravidian-speaking converts to Christianity in Kerala chose a Pali/Sanskrit term, “Mārggam” (the way), to refer to the new religion that came to its shore from West Asia. There are two reasons for this linguistic connection. First, Kerala was a Buddhist country in the early Christian era. The region was replete with Buddhist Vihāra-s. The generic term that the Buddha used for his teaching was Mārg, meaning “way.” Therefore, the term was all too familiar to Keralites in the early Christian era. Conversion to any religion was referred to as māṛggam kūṭal (“joining the way”).

When the Christians started celebrating the faith through song and dance, they called the art form “Mārggam Kaḷi.” In canto 9, line 8, the proclamation of the Apostle is referred to as proclaiming the Mārggam, equating Mārggam with the Gospel. What is more significant is that Mārggam Kaḷi is a celebration not of the life of Jesus Christ or the content of the faith, but the mission and martyrdom of the bearer of the message of Jesus, all the way from Palestine to South India.

According to E. R. Humbye, S. J., the song and dance of Mārggam Kaḷi might be a “Christian imitation of the yāthrakaḷi, i.e., the journey song of the Nambuthiris (Malabar Brahmins),” (quoted in Mundadan 1989:30).

P. U. Lukas and the song text: The first printed version of the song text of Mārggam Kaḷi that is available today is from a compilation of P. U. Lukas in his book," Malayāḷathile Suṛiyānikṛistyānikaḷuṭe Purātanappāṭṭukaḷ" (“Ancient Songs of the Syriac Christians of Malabar,” Lukas: 1910). There is a total of 365 verses in the opening invocation, followed by 14 cantos.

 

The text that we find in P. U. Lukas is in modern Malayalam. The author followed strictly Malayalam prosody. The text went through several redactions. There are vestiges of Tamil phonemes, especially in the opening invocation, pushing the composition's date further into several centuries before the Malayalam era.

The composition of the song text happened at a time when Syriac words were part of the common parlance of Christians in Kerala. For example, throughout the song, the Apostle's name appears in its East-Syriac version: “Tōmā.” Other Syriac words that appear often are: Māran (“our Lord’). Ῑšō ( “Jesus”), slīhā (“apostle”), māmōdīsā (“baptism”) Mār (“Holy”/ “saint”), ruha (literally, “breath;” the third person of the Holy Trinity).Some times, Syriac- word endings are inflected to make them sound similar to Malayalam syntax. For example, slīhan tōmā (Canto 12, verse 18). The Syriac word slīhā (“Apostle”) does not take an “n” ending in adjectival form. Similarly, the Syriac word, māran (“our Lord”) is inflected in the vocative case as mārānē (Canto 6, verse 17). Such usages indicate strong familiarity with Syriac words as well as their use outside the context of the liturgy.

The cadences at the end of cantos deserve special attention. Departing from the meaningful text, the singers add vocables, i. e., non-sense syllables that simulate the sound of rhythmic executions on percussive instruments. Examples of such vocables are thitha thimrita thei. Intricate rhythmic footwork accompanies these vocables. The vocables do not have a specific format. The lead singer instantly creates a combination of syllables that can fit into the structure and duration of a specified number of beats in the rhythm.

Marggam Kali and the Knanaya Christians: All the masters of Mārggam Kaḷi that we know of are from the Knanaya Christians community, an endogamous group among the St. Thomas Christians. By the twentieth century, the performers of this art form came from the Knanaya community. Therefore, the Knanaya community deserves credit for preserving and continuing a performing art tradition, which might have been a common patrimony of the St. Thomas Christians in Kerala.

Men or women?

P. U. Lukas listed the songs of Mārggam Kaḷi under the category of āṇpāṭṭukaḷ (Men’s songs) (Lukas [1910] 2002: 116-155). Until the middle of the twentieth century, only men performed Mārggam Kaḷi. Fr. Jacob Vellian persuaded the Kerala State Minster for Education to include Mārggam Kaḷi as an item in inter-school youth festivals. This led to a resurgence of the art form among the Catholic youth. In a recorded conversation in 2018, Fr. Vellian said that his goal was to keep the art form alive because it was on the decline. In any case, the introduction of Mārggam Kaḷi in inter-school youth festivals became a watershed in the history of this art form.The dance vocabulary changed in order to accommodate the female body.

All in all, Marggam Kali is a symbol of the cultural synthesis of Christianity in India.

Joseph J. Palackal, CMI
New York
25 June 2020
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Guide

to

Syriac Transliteration

By

Dr. Joseph J. Palackal

Guide to Syriac Transliteration

Prepared by

Dr. Joseph J. Palackal
30 May 2020

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Qandiśā Alāhā (Trisagion) Music score by S. Sebastian Ottaplackal

MP3 Instrumental Music Cover Track and Music Notation Booklets for the Music score of Qandiśā Alāhā (Trisagion).

(Conductor's Score)

(Voice / Chords )

(Ist Violin / Voice)

(IInd Violin / Voice)

(Cello / Voice)

 

(Download MP3 Instrumental Music Cover Track)

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(Video - Part I)

(Video - Part II)

Importance of Syriac Language
സുറിയാനി ഭാഷയുടെ പ്രാധാന്യം

Mar Joseph Kallarangattu speaks about the importance of Syriac Language.

 

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Text version 1


(Pdf Download)

Text version 2


(Pdf Download)

Wedding Ritual in the Assyrian Church of the East

വിവാഹ ശുശ്രുഷ

 

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(Pdf Download)

Eezhathuruthile Mar Sleeva - Oru Yatra
ഈഴത്തുരുത്തിലെ മാർ സ്ലീവാ - ഒരു യാത്ര


By

Johnson P. Varghese

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(Pdf Download)

Pesaha Prayer and Appam Preparation
പെസഹാ ഭക്ഷണം തയ്യാറാക്കലം ഇണ്ടറിയപ്പം മുറിക്കൽ ശുശ്രുഷയം

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