Fr. Abel Periyappuram, C.M.I.ഫാദർ ആബേൽ പെരിയപ്പുറം , സി. എം. ഐ. Call Number : PER-01
Pioneer in commercial releases of Christian devotional songs, Founder of Kalabhavan promotor of artists
Benediction - Booklet (Malayalam) പരിശുദ്ധ കുർബാനയുടെ വാഴ്വ്This booklet is a precious relic from the past. It comes from the transitional period in the history of the Syro Malabar liturgy in Kerala in the 1960s. The Syro Malabar Church introduced the Malayalam version of Qurbana in 1962. The Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament, however, continued to be celebrated in Syriac. Fr. Abel Periyapuram, CMI (1920-2001) prepared a Malayalam version of the text and ritual for Benediction in 1968. What we see here is the digital version of the first edition of a 16-page booklet (10.5 cms x 7.2 cms) with the songs, prayers and the ritual for Benediction. Fr. Abel gave the title in Malayalam as Parišuddha qurbānyuṭe wāzhwu (Blessing of the Holy Qurbana).
There are five songs in the booklet. Fr. Abel did not make a verbatim translation of the original Latin text or their Syriac translations (See Aramaic Project-126,) but used them only as a reference. There is one exception. The second song, Akhila lōka nāyakā (Lord of all the world, p.3) is a faithful translation of the Resurrection Hymn (Lāku mārā) from the Eucharistic liturgy in Syriac. The Syriac version of the Benediction, however, did not include this chant. It was Fr. Abel's decision to incorporate this chant as part of the incensing the Monstrance. The third song (p. 11), Swargathil ninnāgathamām (That which came from Heaven), Fr. Abel uses the famous Latin chant, Tantum Ergo, as a source of inspiration. The fourth song, Parišuddha šarīrathālum (By the Holy Body, p. 12), is a free translation of the prayer in Latin, Panem de caelo. In contrast, the final song, Daiwathe wāzhthiṭuwin (pp. 14-15), is a close translation of the final hymn, Laudes Divine (the Divine Praises), in the Latin version of the Benediction. Overall, the prayers and chants of the Malayalam version of the Benediction are Fr. Abel’s free creation.
Fr. Abel employed Shri K. K. Antony (1924-1987), Music Director of Kalabhavan, to compose melodies for the five songs. Antony Master composed songs in the style of popular movie-songs in Malayalam and recorded them with instrumental accompaniment on a spool tape and made them available to the church choirs across Kerala. In the following year (1969), Fr. Abel asked the talented composer, Rafi Jose, to compose a different set of melodies for these songs and included a musical transcription Rafi’s melodies in staff notation in the book Gānādhyāpakan.
Cardinal Joseph Parecattil (1912-1987) gave imprimatur, ad experimentum, to the booklet on 10 August 1968. The songs and the ritual became instantly popular, and continue to the present day, all over the Syro Malabar communities. No one has attempted to create a different version of the Malayalam text yet.
Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament is one of the paraliturgical practices in the Latin rite that the Portuguese missionaries introduced among the Catholics in Kerala in the sixteenth century. The Syro Malabar Catholics refused to use the original chants in Latin. Instead, they translated the chants into Syriac and continued to use the Syriac version until 1968. So the history of this pious paraliturgical practice extends over several centuries and multiple countries and their respective cultures.
If my memory serves me right, Fr. Joseph Kunthara, CMI, gave me this booklet in 1968. Fr. Kunthara, who was a friend of Fr. Abel, was also a musically talented person and a promoter of Christian music. I was a student at the St. Joseph’s Postulant’s Home at Kalamassery. We, the choir members, used copies of this booklet to sing for benediction almost every Sunday as well as special occasions at the Sacred Heart Provincial House chapel. Subsequently, we memorized the songs and did not need the booklet. For some reason, I held on to this copy during all these years of my sojourn in various parts of India and the USA. I plan to give the hard copy to Felix Simon for safe keep. He is free to hand it over to the Library of Congress at some point in time. I dedicate the digital version of this copy to future historians of the music of the Syro Malabar Catholics.
Joseph J. Palackal, CMI
6 January 2020
Benediction - Booklet (Malayalam)
Prepared by - Fr. Abel, CMI
Speaking and singing voice of Fr. Abel
|List of Syriac Chants from Qambel Māran - CD sung byFr. Abel Periyapuram|
|#||Track #||Aramaic Project Code||
Encyclopedia Page of the Syriac chant
CMSI Ref. No.
|1||11||009-4J||O dezdamman īnja O you who are invited||1:32||Raza||EC-0011 (101-0011)||Fr. Abel Periyappuram C.M.I. & Lonappan Arackal.
Triangle: Lonappan Arackal
|2||14||009-4M||Qambel māran Accept, O Lord||4:52||Services for the Dead||EC-0014 (101-0014)||Fr. Abel Periyappuram C.M.I. (celebrant)|
|List of songs by Fr. Abel Periyapuram used for research by Dr. Joseph J. Palackal|
|#||Aramaic project Code||Description||Youtube Link|
|1.||AP 011 (009-11)||
Fr. Abel Periyapuram, C. M. I. sings Syriac melodies and their Malayalam translations from the liturgy of the Syro-Malabar Church for the research of Joseph J. Palackal. Recorded at Kalabhavan Studio in Dec 1997.
Complete List of Aramaic Project 11 Segments (11.1 to 11.26)
Note on Aramaic Project-11: Here is a sound testimony to a glorious past in the history of the Syro Malabar Church. Fr. Abel, who played a significant role in the transition of the Syriac liturgy into Malayalam, in the 1960s, sings the model melodies he chose for the liturgy of the Hours in Malayalam. Fr. Abel recorded these melodies in his own voice at my request. I wanted to study these melodies for my doctoral dissertation at the City University of New York (2005). Transcription of these model melodies is part of Chapter six in my doctoral dissertation. In this recording, we can hear his singing voice as well as is speaking voice in the Introduction. Fr. Abel transcribed the chant texts in Malayalam script. He also wrote a personal letter to me with his comments on the chants. We have posted the manuscript and the letter in the Resources of Researchers section on the web site of www.thecmsindia.org. See my note on 008-167. This recording and the manuscript are first-class relics from the past. They are unique treasures of the Syro Malabar Church and a great resource for researchers.Joseph J. Palackal, CMI
11 March 2020
|2.||AP 012 (009-12)||Fr. Abel Periyapuram, C. M. I. sings Syriac and Malayalam versions of melodies from the liturgy of the Syro-Malabar Church. Introduction by Joseph J. Palackal. Recorded on 22 July 1998 at ASA Music Productions in Mount Vernon, New York.|
|3.||AP 012a (009-12a)||
Wita wangunnen. Fr. Abel CMI. funeral for priests "Witawangunnen." Fr. Abel sings his own (free) translation of the Syriac chant, "Etha pus lek" (farewell O church) from the Funeral services for priests in the Syro Malabar Church.
|4.||AP 013 (009-13)||Fr. Abel Periyapuram, C. M. I. sings Malayalam version of model melodies from the liturgy of the Hours of the Syro-Malabar Church for the doctoral study of Joseph J. Palackal. Recorded at Fr. Abel's office at Kalabhavan, Kochi, Kerala on 23 Aug 2001.|
|5.||AP 014 (009-14)||Fr. Abel Periyapuram, C. M. I. sings chants from the liturgy of the Syro-Malabar Church. Recorded at Joseph J. Palackal's office in Maspeth, New York on 20 Sep 1997 during Fr. Abel's visit to U. S. A. Of special interest is the conversation between Fr. Abel and Joseph J. Palackal on the rhythmic aspects of these melodies.|
|6.||AP 253||Fr. Abel's Voice. A Res Qala (Model Melody). Syriac and Malayalam versions.|
Books written by Fr. Abel Periyappuram
|#||Title and Publisher details|
MARICHAVARUDE ORMA മരിച്ചവരുടെ ഓർമ്മ
Lyrics By - Fr. ABEL C.M.I.
FR. ABELINTE BHAKTHI GANANGAL
Funeral rites for Priests and Bishops by Fr. Abel, C.M.I.
Christian Devotional Songs (Malayalam)
Category - Malayalam Christian Songs
CMSI Ref. Code - MA-MAL-011
Year - 1980
Original Format - L.P. Record
Music - K.K. Antony
Lyrics - Fr. Abel C. M I. / Samuel John
Singers - S. Janaki, Jolly Abraham, P. Madhuri, Ambili K.P. Brahmanandan, P.K. Manoharan, K.V. Karthikeyan
Christian Devotional Songs (Malayalam)
Category -Malayalam Christian Songs
CMSI Ref. Code - MA-MAL-018
Original Format - L.P. Record
Music - K.K. Antony
Lyrics - Fr. Abel CMI, Ezhumangalam Karunakaran, Karinkunnam Chandran
Singers - Vani Jairam, Jolly Abraham, B.Vasantha, Shirin Peters, P.K.
The First ever Award in the Memory of Kalabhavan Fr. Abel
The First ever Award in the Memory of Kalabhavan Fr. Abel was awarded to Samji Arattupuzha by Dr. Mar Yulious at Kochi. The award is jointly constituted by KCBC Media Cell and Chavara Cultural Center, Kochi
Handwritten Letter to Fr. Joseph J. Palackal CMI - 1997
Resources for Researchers (RR-529)
Texts of Syriac chants in Malayalam script in the handwriting of Fr. Abel Periyappuram CMI, along with a letter to Fr. Joseph Palackal CMI